(Quick Reference)



Resolves a message from the given code or error. Normally used in conjunction with eachError


Loop through each error and output the message:

<g:eachError bean="${book}">
    <li><g:message error="${it}" /></li>

This is typically used for built-in Grails messages, rather than user application messages. For user application messages, use the code or message parameters as illustrated below.

Output a message for a specific known code:

<g:message code="my.message.code" />

Output a message for a compatible object.

<g:message message="${myObj}" />

Objects passed to the message parameter must implement the MessageSourceResolvable interface.



  • error (optional) - The error to resolve the message for. Used for built-in Grails messages.
  • code (optional) - The code to resolve the message for. Used for custom application messages.
  • message (optional) - The object to resolve the message for. Objects must implement MessageSourceResolvable.
  • default (optional) - The default message to output if the error or code cannot be found in messages.properties.
  • args (optional) - A list of argument values to apply to the message when code is used.
  • encodeAs (optional) - The name of a codec to apply, i.e. HTML, JavaScript, URL etc
  • locale (optional) Override Locale to use instead of the one detected

One of either the error attribute, the code attribute or the message attribute is required. Messages are resolved from the grails-app/i18n/messages.properties bundle. See also Internationalization.

For a more complex example, to output your own message with parameters and a default message, you might use the following code from your controller:

flash.message = "book.delete.message"
flash.args = ["The Stand"]
flash.default = "book deleted"

You would then specify the following in messages.properties:

book.delete.message="Book {0} deleted."

and specify the following from your view:

<g:message code="${flash.message}" args="${flash.args}"

Which would result in the output "Book The Stand deleted." If you had misnamed the message or not specified it in messages.properties, your default message of "book deleted" would be output.